On the fringes of the UN, Truss and Biden try to mend the Northern Ireland rift

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Published: 9/22/2022 5:04:57 AM
The UN General Assembly has given Truss a chance to catch up on bilateral talks after the queen's death dominated her first two weeks in office

The UN General Assembly has given Truss a chance to catch up on bilateral talks after the queen's death dominated her first two weeks in office

New British Prime Minister Liz Truss and US President Joe Biden met on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, with Brexit-induced tensions in Northern Ireland the notable sticking point between "steadfast allies."

The UK's Liz Truss and the US' Joe Biden spoke to the press on Wednesday prior to their bilateral talks at the United Nations, with both voicing a desire to uphold the Good Friday Agreement that ended decades of sectarian conflict in Northern Ireland. 

The US has in the past voiced concern that British or European actions in the aftermath of Brexit could jeopardize the peace process in Northern Ireland in which former Democrat President Bill Clinton played a considerable role. 

Biden expressed condolences for the death of the queen and congratulated Truss on becoming prime minister. He called the UK "our closest allies in the world," with Britain the second-largest donor to Ukraine after the US.

He began by listing a series of areas where US and British foreign policy broadly align, Ukraine and Russia, a more assertive China, preventing Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon, and energy — but he concluded with an invitation for Truss to outline her plans on Northern Ireland. 

"And finally, we both are committed to protecting the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland. I'm looking forward to hearing what's on your mind and how we can continue to cooperate," Biden said. 

Truss, too, started with areas of agreement and left Northern Ireland until last in her opening statements. 

"And of course, I'm looking forward to discussing the Belfast Good Friday Agreement, and how we make sure that's upheld in the future," Truss said. 

After the talks, Downing Street said that Truss and Biden had agreed that the "priority must be protecting the Good Friday Agreement" and preserving the peace gained in Northern Ireland. 

Whether the two governments will ultimately agree on how that is best achieved could prove more complicated. 

What does Brexit have to do with Northern Irish peace? 

Under the terms of a Brexit deal with the EU negotiated by Truss' predecessor, Boris Johnson, Northern Ireland has maintained an open land border with the Republic of Ireland, which is a fully fledged EU member. 

An open border on the island of Ireland, plus the ability for citizens either side of it to choose whichever nationality they pleased, was among the core terms of the peace deal signed in 1998. 

Northern Ireland remains to all intents and purposes a part of the EU's customs union and single market, while the rest of the UK does not. 

As a result of that, though, Johnson's government had agreed to customs checks on some goods moving from mainland Britain to Northern Ireland, designed to prevent goods reaching the EU single market via Northern Ireland. 

This has proved unpopular with pro-UK unionist communities in Northern Ireland, which argue that it has undermined the country's status as an equal part of the UK. 

Johnson had threatened several times to unilaterally break parts of the deal with the EU on Northern Ireland, and put forward draft legislation that would breach parts of the deal prior to his departure. The EU launched legal action in response; the new law is not yet in effect.

Truss had said during her leadership bid that she hoped to renegotiate terms with the EU, but threatened to unilaterally act if she cannot.

The Irish question has long been sensitive in the US, with a large population with Irish heritage, including Catholic Joe Biden's family, on his paternal and particularly maternal sides. 

While the EU argues that unilateral change would threaten the Good Friday accord by forcing the creation of some kind of border in Ireland, the UK has in the past argued that the current terms are also putting the peace deal at risk by angering unionists.

Truss playing catch-up after queen's death dominated first weeks

Truss had another bilateral appointment on Wednesday in New York that could prove equally important for the island of Ireland. 

Truss also spoke with European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen about issues ranging from Ukraine to energy to food security and Northern Ireland. 

A joint statement following the talks focused on Russia and Vladimir Putin's troop mobilization, however, with Truss saying that the pair were "united in our commitment to supporting Ukraine for as long as it takes." 

On Tuesday, Truss had spoken with French President Emmanuel Macron, another key player in any talks with the EU, on the sidelines of the General Assembly. 

The global gathering in New York has provided an excellent opportunity for the new prime minister to touch base with a series of allies, following a first two weeks in office that were dominated by the death of Queen Elizabeth II. 

Biden, Macron and von der Leyen were all in London on Monday for the queen's state funeral, prior to jetting back to New York.

Truss on Wednesday thanked Biden and his wife Jill for attending the ceremony. 




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